Common heel problems
Your feet are important and when you feel pain or discomfort that limits your ability to use your feet, everyday life can become difficult. In fact, your overall quality of life can be reduced.
Even if something is wrong, even with your small toe, or a heel blister can have a negative impact on your mobility, it is not surprising that heel pain can have such a beneficial effect.
If you experience heel pain or discomfort, there are many causes. If the pain is chronic and severe enough to have a significant impact on the daily use of your foot, it is recommended to consult a podiatrist as soon as possible.
For other heel pain problems, you can get relief and treatment in several ways, from stretching to braces.
All heel pain cannot be treated effectively in the same way. Therefore, it is important to know what causes your heel affection.
Below are the common conditions of the heel that you may suffer:
This common affection in the heel occurs when you walk on a hard or pointed object, such as a stone or a pebble. A hematoma in the heel pad can cause discoloration with some mild and temporary pain. The pain usually disappears with rest.
Plantar fasciitis (subcacaneal pain)
With plantar fasciitis, the band of tissue (fascia) that connects the heel bone with the toes becomes inflamed and irritated. The pain is under the heel and worsens in the first steps of the morning. Heel pads, medications and certain exercises can help reduce the severity of pain and inflammation.
Heel spines often form as a result of chronic plantar fasciitis. These are calcium deposits formed in the fascia. There can be no pain associated with the calcaneal spur.
The pain behind the heel can have several causes, the most common is a rupture or inflammation of the Achilles tendon. Heel pain tends to accumulate over time and the skin behind the heel may become thick, red and swollen.
Achilles tendonitis is a common sports injury caused by excessive use of the tendon that connects the calf muscle with the heel bone. It can cause acute and debilitating pain in the back of the heel.
It takes a lot of strength and pressure to break the heel. Ladder falls, high-altitude jumps and car accident victims are common causes of heel fractures. Heel fractures are painful and severe and require immediate treatment, which is usually a heel reconstruction surgery.
Heel fractures can cause future heel problems, including chronic pain, swelling, loss of mobility of the foot and arthritis.
Heels with very cracked skin and open wounds can make walking difficult, especially when rubbing shoes. Cracked skin can be treated by avoiding shoes with the back open, weight loss and moisturizing lotion. Although cracked heels can simply be dry skin, they can also be a symptom of diabetes and loss of nerve function of the foot.
People with Haglund deformity develop bone enlargement in the back of the heel that causes painful irritation and inflammation of the bag (the fluid-filled sac between the Achilles tendon and the heel bone. The enlarged bones are also rubbed against the back of the shoes, causing blisters.
Clutches of the lateral and medial plantar nerve
Those who have constant pain, either standing or sitting, and pain exacerbated by the movement of the ankle, the use of certain shoes or physical activities such as running can get caught in the medial plantar nerve or side. With this nerve entrapment, the nerves located between the bones, ligaments and other connective tissues of the foot are pinched or compressed, causing almost constant pain.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
In tarsal tunnel syndrome, there is a tingling or numbness that begins in the heel and travels to the toes before ending with the ankles. Orthotics, better shoes, ankle splints, physiotherapy and surgery are common treatments for tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Heel pain could be enfeebling and greatly influence your movability and quality of life.