What is typhoid fever?

What is typhoid fever?

Cancer is an acute infectious disease associated with fever, most often caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. It can also cause Salmonella paratyphi, a related bacteria that usually causes a less serious illness. The human carrier transports bacteria through the contamination of feces in water or food and then transmits them to other people in the area. Cancer is rare in industrialized countries, but public health remains a major issue in developing countries.

How do you contact typhoid fever?
The fever of half the fever is contracted due to the ingestion of contaminated food or bacteria. Patients with acute diseases can contaminate the surrounding water supply in feces with high levels of bacteria. Water contamination can damage the food supply. After an acute illness, about 3% to 5% of patients become carriers of bacteria. Bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dry water. These chronic carriers may not have symptoms and may be the source of new laxative outbreaks for many years.

What causes typhoid fever?
After eating contaminated food or water, the Salmonella bacteria invade the small intestine and temporarily enter the bloodstream. White blood cells carry bacteria to the liver, spleen and bone marrow. Bacteria multiply in the cells of these organs and re-enter the bloodstream. Patients have symptoms, including fever, when the body recovers from the blood. Bacteria invade the gallbladder, biliary system and intestinal lymphatic tissue. Here they multiply. The bacteria enter the intestinal tract and can be detected by a stool culture tested in the laboratory. Stool cultures are susceptible to the early and late stages of the disease, but often need to be complemented with blood cultures to detect a specific diagnosis.

How is typhoid fever diagnosed?
Laboratory tests for confirmation of heat in the lymph are cultures of bone marrow, blood and feces (reliability). Unfortunately, these tests, ie the sample of bone marrow, blood or feces and culture in the laboratory for a few days are invasive, expensive, in many hospitals are not easily accessible and the result may take several days.

Simple blood tests that detect antibodies against S. typhi, (known) Widal spread, are not very useful because they can become positive after several days of illness, they can be negative even if you have a disease and are often positive. You do not have this disease!

This is because it can be positive even with other infections or previous infections, and the result is very different between different laboratories, so only comparing the samples taken in the range of 7-14 days is the certainty of the diagnosis.

Myths about typhoid fever.
Myth: You can know if someone is infected.
Fact: Someone may appear healthy and may still be infected.
Myth: There is no disease when you start to feel better.
Fact: You can still be infected even if you feel better.
Myth: I am immune to the disease because I had a typhoid vaccine.
Fact: The jaw will not give 100% immunity, so it’s important to stay alert.

What are the intimations and hints of typhoid fever?
The incubation period is usually one to two weeks, and the duration of the disease is approximately 4-6 weeks.
• little appetite
• abdominal pain
• headache
• generalized pain and pain
• High fever often up to (39-40) ° C
• Drowsiness (usually only if it is not treated)
• intestinal hemorrhage or perforation (after 2-3 weeks of illness);
• diarrhea
• constipation

People with typhoid fever usually have 39 ° C to 40 ° C. Fever develops in many patients, abdominal pain and discomfort are common. The fever becomes constant. The improvement occurs in the third and fourth weeks in those without complications.

Is it possible to prevent laxatives?
• Wash your hands entirely by soap and water. This is especially important after the bath and for anyone who prepares food.
• Boil drinking water. It should boil for at least 1 minute to kill the bacteria.
• Bake with boiling water and rinse fruits and vegetables with cold boiled water.

Sanitation and hygiene are important to prevent typhoid fever. Cancer does not affect animals except humans. Cancer can only be spread in an environment where human feces can come into contact with food or drinking water. Careful preparation of food and hand washing are essential to avoid.

In order to reduce the prevalence of typhoid fever in developing countries, the World Health Organization (WHO) has been working since 1999 to reduce the prevalence of typhus. Approved use of vaccination program. major illnesses. It is also important that it is also very profitable. Vaccination prices are usually low because the price is low. Communities affected by poverty are more likely to use vaccines. Although the antipyretic vaccine has been shown to be effective, it cannot by itself eliminate typhoid fever. Using the vaccine with increased public health efforts is the only proven way to control this disease.

What is laxative treatment and what is the prognosis?
High fever is treated with antibiotics that kill Salmonella bacteria. Before antibiotics were used, the mortality rate was 20%. The cause of death was a major infection, pneumonia, intestinal bleeding or intestinal perforation. With antibiotics and supportive care, mortality decreased to 1% -2%. The use of appropriate antibiotic treatment usually improves within one or two days and recovers in seventy days.

Conclusion
Update your immunization, follow standard hygiene measures, and use only trusted healthcare providers. If you suspect typhoid fever after an extended period of time or if symptoms persist, contact your doctor and ask your doctor for more information.

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